Abu Dhabi is the Capital and second most populous city after Dubai in United Arab Emirates. This city is also the capital of Emirates of Abu Dhabi, largest of the 7 Emirates that constitute United Arab Emirates (UAE). Abu Dhabi is situated on a T-shaped island jutting into the Persian Gulf from the central western coast. The city proper had a population of 1.5 million in 2014. Lets know more some intriguing facts about Abu Dhabi.image: media.holidayme.com
1. Centre of Industrial and Political Activities
Abu Dhabi comprises federal government offices and is the seat of the United Arab Emirates Government, home to the Abu Dhabi Emiri Family and the President of the UAE, Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, who is from this family. Abu Dhabi accounts for about two-thirds of the roughly $400-billion United Arab Emirates economy.
2. Named After Dhibaa
The Origin of the name “Abu Dhabi” is uncertain. However its Meaning is “Father of the Gazelle”, which is literally translated from Arabic. From the Perspective of Bilal al-Budoor, assistant under-secretary for Cultural Affairs at the Ministry of Culture, Youth and Community Development, “The area had a lot of dhibaa and was nicknamed after that and a man who chased deer who was called the father of Dhibaa.
3. Used to be famous for Pearl Business
Abu Dhabi dealt in Pearls. As per the source about Pearling, the Persian Gulf was the perfect location for the pearls. Pearl divers dove for one to one-and-a-half minutes, and would have dived up to thirty times per day. There were no oxygen tanks and any other sort of mechanical device. The divers were not paid for a day’s work but received a portion of the season’s earnings.
4. Oil Discoveries
Pearl Trade declined in 1930 and interest increased for oil possibilities in the regions. Petroleum Development (Trucial Coast) Ltd (PDTC), an associate company of the Iraq Petroleum Company, entered into a concession agreement with the ruler, Sheikh Shakhbut bin Sultan al Nahyan, to explore for oil on 5 January 1936.
5. Well Organized Suburbs
Most of Abu Dhabi city is situated on the island itself, but it has many suburbs on the mainland, for example: Khalifa City A, B, and C; Al Raha Beach; Al Bahia City A, B, and C; Al Shahama; Al Rahba; Between Two Bridges; Baniyas; and Mussafah Residential.
6. Planned by Japanese Architect
Abu Dhabi has fine Architecture. Abu Dhabi was planned under the guidance of Sheikh Zayed by Japanese architect Dr Takahashi in 1967 initially for a population of 40,000. But with the passage of time population of city increased to today’s over 600,000 and this city changed to today’s modern city.
source: wikipedia, image: farm8.static.flickr.com
7. Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque
Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque is the largest Mosque in Abu Dhabi. This Mosque was established by Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, to unite the cultural diversities of Muslim World. Construction started in 1996 and completed in 2007. At the time of Eid it may be visited by more than 41000 people.
source: wikipedia, image: visualitineraries.com
8. Gorgeous Parks and Gardens
Abu Dhabi contains more than 2,000 well-maintained parks and gardens and over 400 kilometres (249 miles) of coastline, of which 10 kilometers (6 miles) are public. The Lake Park is one of the most visited parks in Abu Dhabi.
source: wikipedia, image: trekearth.com
9. Economic Contribution to the Country
The UAE’s large hydrocarbon wealth gives it one of the highest GDP per capita in the world and Abu Dhabi owns the majority of these resources – 95% of the oil and 92% of gas. Thus Abu Dhabi holds 9% of the world’s proven oil reserves (98.2bn barrels) and almost 5% of the world’s natural gas (5.8 trillion cu meters). Abu Dhabi is the most well-off emirate of the UAE in terms of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and per capita income.
10. Indian Diaspora
Indians are largest ethnic group in UAE. They make up 40% of the total population. Most of the Indians reside in Abu Dhabi.