15 Interesting Facts About American Civil War

The most deleterious war in the history of western world, ”The American Civil War” fought from 1861 to 1865 played a remarkable role in determining the fate of slavery in the United States. Some historians have quoted this bloodshed as the pitted neighbor against neighbor and some as brother against brother. Let’s unveil some of the interesting facts about American Civil War.

Sheridan's final charge at Winchester

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Image: wikimedia.org

1. Behind the scenes

abraham lincolnLincoln won the elections in 1860 without carrying any single southern state which downhearted many southern whites. With the fear of losing representation the southern states seceded soon after he became the President.
Source: history.com, image: wikimedia.org

2. The Bloodiest War ever

Battle of GettysburgThe war claimed more than 620,000 lives, more than any other war in the American history. Imagine the river of blood flowing between north and south states of the United States.
Source: Wikipedia, image: wikimedia.org

3. The sound and face of rebellion

Battle of Gettysburg, civil war
Battle of Gettysburg

The barrage shot at the battle of Gettysburg under the charge of General Pickett could be heard over 100 miles away in Pittsburgh. Now that’s interesting isn’t it. This deadly show revealing a tale of deaths every day was the first one to be heavily photographed, documented through the lens of a camera.
Source: history.com, image: wikimedia.org

4. Under 18 – The Warriors

Child soldier in the US Civil War
Child soldier in the US Civil War

The scant documentation indicates about 20% soldiers in the union army were under 18. There was no minimum age limit fixed by the confederacy to participate in the war. The minimum age participation was 9 years.
Source: pbs.org, image: wikimedia.org

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5. Nightmare for women

The scant statistics available indicate that while the African American women suffered most rapes sometimes even in front of white women as a type of “proxy rape”, white women in the south only feared it, they were not the real victims.
Source: randomhistory.com

6. Secret role of women

Army, civil war
Vivandière

Keeping the cult of true womanhood aside it is estimated that more than 300 women disguised themselves as men and served in the war. It happened for the first time in American history that women played such a vital role and gave a new definition of “True Womanhood.”
Source: georgiaencyclopedia.com, image: wikimedia.org

7. Domestic violence – its all legal here

Man could beat his wife with an instrument thinner than his thumb, it was legal and socially acceptable during the civil war and guess what we have got the term: “Rule of Thumb.”
Source: aljazeera.com

8. High Maintenance War

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Kearny's Charge, Battle of ChantillyIt is estimated that the federal government had spent $ 3.5 million by the end of the war. Though the loss of human lives was the most tragic part but financial toll was also very high.
Source: historylearningsite.co.uk, image: wikimedia.org

9. Ill medication

American civil war, surgeon's kit
American civil war, surgeon’s kit

As per the statistics two-third of the deaths in the war were due to diseases. Patients were given chloroform, ether or a glass of whiskey and a bullet to bite down in as anesthesia was not available. Doctors didn’t know what sterilization is and there weren’t any antibiotics either. Amputation was the treatment for severely wounded limb.
Source: news.discovery.com, image: flickr

10. Angel of Battlefields

Clara Barton 1904
Clara Barton, 1904

The nurse famous among the union troops “Clara Barton” was called the angel of battlefields and also founded American Red Cross.
Source: biography.com, image: wikimedia.org

11. Food Crisis during war

Lack of resources led to an atrocious number of soldier deaths. The soldiers ran out of food, starved, ate worms, dogs, horses and mules to survive.
Source: encyclopediavirginia.org

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12. Deadly diseases

Union soldiers
Union soldiers

The war was a live example of needles killing, misery and suffering. As per the data revealed, people died as a result of pneumonia, fever and diarrhea. It was a matter of great pride and honor if a soldier shot someone who was pooing.
Source: jhmas.oxfordjournals.org, image: flickr

13. Hub of various civilizations

It is believed that people from Netherlands, Spain and England came to North America and established colonies, traded and formed a government based on the agreement “The Constitution.”
Source: civilwar.org

14. The Red Rover

USS Red Rover
USS Red Rover

During the Vicksburg campaign the first U.S naval hospital ship “The Red Rover” was used on the inland waters.
Source: Wikipedia, image: wikimedia.org

15. The Emancipation Proclamation

Emancipation Proclamation
Emancipation Proclamation

It was the day January 1,1863 when the president Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation which gave the southern slaves full freedom and laid the groundwork for slaves to eventually be freed across the country ending the bloodiest war in the American history.
Source: civilwar.org, image: wikimedia.org

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