The whole nation is drowning in patriotic feeling with the tricolor of saffron, white and dark green on the 69th year of Independence Day in India. Here are some interesting facts about India’s Independence day.
1. Why 15 August only ?
Though, India unofficially got its independence on July 18, 1947, but this day was officially decided because of Mountbatten. He chose this day because this day was also recognized as the second anniversary of Japan’s surrender to the Allied Forces in World War 2.
Source: archives.deccanchronicle.com, image: wikimedia.org
2. Where was our National flag first unfurled?
No! not Lal Qila, the National flag of India was first unfurled on August 7, 1906 at the Parsee Bagan Square in Calcutta, and it had horizontal strips of red, yellow and green.
3. Huge country but only 1 licensed flag production
Khadi Development and Village Industries Commission is licensed for making the glorious flag of India. The Karnataka Khadi Gramodyog Samyukta Sangha in Dharwad is the only maker of the flag, using cotton instead of the earlier varieties.
Source: archives.deccanchronicle.com, image: indiareflects.com
4. Day 1 of Indo-Pak rivalry
Though, the Partition Plan was announced on June 3, 1947, but implemented on 14th August 1947 and on the same day Pakistan was established. Next day, on August 15th, 1947, foundation of the independent Sovereign Republic of India was laid. The partition had cost more than a million lives, and nearly 3.5 million Hindus and Sikhs migrated from Pakistan to India and about 5 million Muslims from India to Pakistan.
Source: oneindia.com, image: wikimedia.org
5. Journey of gold
6. Pakistan’s blunder
In 1947, had Pakistan avoided the blunder of sending their tribesmen to attack and conquer Jammu and Kashmir, it would have eventually gone to Pakistan.
7. Goa wasn’t a part of free India
After freedom, Portugal played the game by altering their constitution and declared Goa as their state. But on December 19, 1961, Indian armed forces conquered Goa and appended it to India.
8. Missing factor of independence
Mahatma Gandhi, the chief architect of the Independence, did not participate in the celebrations. Instead, did a fast for the entire day in Calcutta, witnessing the flames of communal violence in Bengal between the Muslims and Hindus.
Source: smallstrokes.blogspot.in, image: wikimedia.org
9. Our partners of 15 August
Not only India, but some other countries also celebrate 15 August as their day of independence, such as South Korea, Bahrain and Republic of the Congo.
10. From Karachi to Delhi
Lord Mountbatten was a busy guy at the time of independence as he was part of transfer of power ceremony in Karachi on 14th August, and next day in Delhi as well on 15th August 1947.
Source: seobloggerstips.com, image: wikipedia.org