18 Interesting facts about Mars

The red planet Mars is the second smallest planet in our solar system. Even though small this planet is a place of wonder. Lets know some interesting facts about Mars.

the planet mars

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1. Red planet

MARSEveryone knows that Mars is famously known as the Red Planet due to its blood – red color. But do you know why Mars had gained its red color? The red color is imparted by the iron rich dust and rock covering the surface of Mars.
Source: space-facts.com, image: flickr

2. Multiple names of Mars

Mars Pyrrhus
Mars- the roman god of war

Due to the red color of Mars, most civilization associates it with blood and war. So, it is usually named after war Gods of different civilizations. For example, Greek named this planet Aers, their war God. Romans called it Mars, Roman war God.

Egyptians called this planet ‘Her Desher’ meaning the red one while China’s astronomer named it ‘the fire star’. Babylonians called Mars ‘Nergal’ which means the star of Death. Hebrews called it ‘Ma’adim’ which means the one who blushes. Some ancient civilizations eve believed that the Red color of Mars was due to actual blood present on the planet.
Source: space-facts.com, image: wikimedia.org

3. March and Mars

Do you know that the month March is named after the planet Mars!
Source: facts.randomhistory.com

4. Life on Mars or maybe not

Giovanni Schiaparelli 1890
Giovanni Schiaparelli

Giovanni Schiaparelli, an Italian astronomer discovered grooves on the surface of Mars and believed that this was caused by some intelligent life form on Mars. Sadly later on these groves were proved to be an optical illusion.
Source: theplanets.org, image: wikimedia.org

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5. Mars’s Crust

Mars interior
Mars interior

Earth’s crust is made up of several moving plates and they are separated by the oceans. But the crust of Mars is just one single piece and is much thicker than the Earth’s crust.
Source: facts.randomhistory.com, image: wikimedia.org

6. Gravity on Mars

In many ways Mars is like Earth but there are also some major differences between the two planets. One of the major difference is the gravity. Gravity on Mars is 62 % lower than the gravity of Earth. This is the reason why tall volcanoes can exist on Mars without collapsing.
Source: universetoday.com

7. Tall Martians

Due to low gravity if children take birth on Mars then they would be a few inches taller than the children born on Earth.

But problem will occur once they try to come to Earth because they would experience three times more gravity than their home planet Mars. They can develop serious bone problem.

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Sorry Martian, Earth is not the place for you.
Source: livescience.com

8. Lose weight on Mars

Mars gravityNow you know what will happen when Martians land on Earth. But do you know what will happen once you reach Mars?

Simple, you would just lose weight. Upon landing on Mars you will weigh only two – fifth of your Earth weight. This is due to low gravitational pull of Mars as compared to Earth.

Aspiring models don’t forget to visit Mars.
Source: curiosityaroused.com, image: wikimedia.org

9. Largest Volcano

Olympus Mons
Olympus Mons

Mars houses many volcanoes. But it has gained the proud place of the planet with the largest volcano due to Olympus Mons. Standing 21 kilometers high and with a base of 600 kilometers, Olympus Mons is the largest volcano on Mars and even in the entire solar system.
Source: sciencekids.co.nz, image: wikimedia.org

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10. Great canyon on Mars

Mars, Valles Marineris
Mars, Valles Marineris

Not only tall volcanoes exist on Mars planet; rather to give company to these volcanoes a deep and wide canyon exists on surface of Mars. This canyon is called Valles Marineris. This gorge was actually created by a volcanic eruption which was strong enough to tear up the land creating a huge valley. In some places Valles Mariners is as deep as 7 kilometers.
Source: universetoday.com, image: wikimedia.org

11. Water on Mars

Mars, polar ice caps
Mars, polar ice caps

After many studies it had been established that on the surface of Mars no water can exist. But there is ice on the poles of Mars.
Source: universetoday.com, image: wikimedia.org

12. Mars on Earth!

Martian meteorite
Martian meteorite

Ok not the whole planet Mars but actually some pieces of Mars have been discovered on the Earth. As to how these pieces reach Earth, scientists say that meteorite ejected by Mars orbited the solar system and eventually entered the Earth’s atmosphere and then crashing on our ground.
Source: theplanets.org, image: wikimedia.org

13. Moons of Mars

Mars moon, Deimos and Phobos
Mars moon, Deimos and Phobos

There are two moons of Mars whose names are Phobos and Demios. Phobos means fear while Demios means panic. Fear and panic are believed to be twin Gods who accompanied the war God Mars into battle.
Source: facts.randomhistory.com, image: wikimedia.org

14. Interesting moons

Phobos and deimos
Phobos and deimos

There are two moons orbiting Mars and they are known as Phobos and Deimos . The interesting thing about both these moons is that instead of being circular or oval they are irregularly shaped and quite small.

Phobos rise in West and sets in East while Demios rise in east and sets in West. Also when seen from Mars, Phobos rises and sets twice a day while Demios rise and set only once in 2.7 days!
Source: facts.randomhistory.com, image: wikimedia.org

15. Seasons like Earth

Mars’s axis is tilted away from Sun just like the axis of Earth. Due to this Mars too experiences the four season which occurs on Earth. But the seasons on Mars are twice as long as that of Earth’s season. This is because Mars orbits the Sun in 687 days while Earth orbits it in 365 days.
Source: zeenews.india.com

16. Violent dust storms

Mars duststormViolent dust storms covering the entire planet occur on Mars when the planet is closest to the Sun. These dust storms are the most violent and largest dust storms in the entire solar system. The winds during these dust storms can reach a speed of 125 miles per hour lasting for about a week.
Source: facts.randomhistory.com, image: wikimedia.org

17. A car trip to Mars and back will take 16 month

Next time you are planning for a long drive, just plan a trip to Mars. 8 months to go to Mars and 8 months to return back to Earth.
Source: curiosityaroused.com

18. Atmosphere of Carbon dioxide

Mars atmosphereBefore you plan a trip to Mars just take some precaution as the atmosphere of Mars mainly comprises of carbon dioxide. So, you will definitely need a space suit to breathe. Also the atmosphere is very thin and there is no ozone layer to save you from the harmful UV rays.
Source: curiosityaroused.com, image: wikimedia.org

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