Located on the beautiful laps of the Andes Mountains in Peru, above the Urubamba River Valley, Machu Picchu is truly a gem of South America. Due to its spectacular location and history, it is crowned as one of the 7 wonders of the world. Here are some interesting facts about Machu Picchu:
1. Lost City of the Incas
It is often denoted as “Lost City of the Incas” because the Spanish never found the city when they conquered the Inca in 1500’s.
2. Secret jewel of the Incan Empire
This remarkable wonder was created as an estate for the 9th Inca emperor called Pachacuti in the 15th-century.
Source: Wikipedia, Image: Wikia.com
3. Sitting at a colossal height
It is located on the laps of the Andes Mountains and hence is 8,000 ft above sea level.
4. What was its population?
Considering the area of about 13 sq km, it was a small city with capacity for around 1000 people.
5. City was divided into 3 parts
The Machu Picchu city was divided into 3 parts such as the sacred district, popular district, and nobility district.
6. Intihuatana structure holds the Sun
Intihuatana is a sacred structure in Machu Picchu as it was made to keep the Sun along its annual path. Some described it as an astronomical clock or a calendar.
Source: rediscovermachupicchu.com, Image: David Stanley, Flickr
7. Small yet highly optimized
Despite the fact that Machu Picchu was not big in size, it was well optimized as there are nearly 140 buildings in the city as well as over 100 flights of stone steps.
8. Discovered by Hiram Bingham
Hiram Bingham, an explorer, and politician from the United States discovered the Machu Picchu in the summers of 1911. With the help of local farmers, he discovered an eye-catching ancient city.
Source: Wikipedia, Image: loc.gov
9. Earthquake Resistant Buildings!
The Inca Empire was technically very sound in building great architecture as it can be observed by watching their meticulous work on stones.
As Peru is a highly earthquake sensitive zone, the Inca Empire created such stones so that when an earthquake occurs, the stones tend to bounce through “the vibrate” and then fall back into place.
10. The best part of Inca Empire’s creation is hidden
Inca Empire was one of the craftiest empires around the world. They were not only good in creating spectacular walls but also in civil engineering as it has been found that around 60% of their creations were underground, which includes deep building constructions and crushed stones for drainage purpose.
11. Ashlar technique was used for cutting
Ashlar technique was widely used for cutting the stones artfully. It was so well made, without using any mortar that even the small thing cannot be put between the stones.
12. A World Heritage Site too
UNESCO in 1983 declared the Machu Picchu as a World Heritage Site and is also a Peruvian Historical Sanctuary.
13. Anonymous site!
Machu Picchu is counted among the 7 wonders of the world. However, not much description of the ruins can be seen on the site, which makes it anonymous.
14. Scenic movie locations!
Endhiran or Robot, a South Indian movie of 2010 was partially filmed here. Featured by Rajinikanth and Aishwarya Rai, it was one of the few films allowed to shoot in Machu Picchu.
Source: tucantravel.com, Image: globalfilmbook.com
15. Strange gateway rules
There is a strange gateway rule in Machu Picchu that outsiders cannot wear native or customary clothes here.
16. Its own Marathon!
A marathon like track and field event of around 82 km takes place every year in this part of the region.
Source: tucantravel.com, image: lunicmusic.files.wordpress.com
17. Trek to reach the heights
Trekking adventure it a way to reach the Machu Picchu. It’s a 3 days process and reaching such height is also physically demanding. Because of erosions around the area, the government has instructed that the trekkers must have locally-hired porters.
Source: tucantravel.com, Image: accountingtools.com
It is believed that due to epidemic smallpox, people of this city left the place.
19. Earthquake Resistant Houses
The houses built at Machu Picchu were earthquake resistant; the video shows how amazing the ancient technology was!