12 Interesting Facts About Sulfuric Acid

The best part of chemistry classes is all about doing experiments in the lab and when it comes to the experiments then the first chemical which strikes our Grey Matter is the acid. One such acid in list of all the chemicals is Sulfuric Acid. The strong mineral acid with molecular formula of H2SO4 is one interesting acid. Don’t believe us? Read on to know some fascinating facts about this acid:

sulphuric acid

1. Industrial Chemical


Sulfuric Acid is one of the most important industrial chemicals in world. It is also widely   used in the car batteries. USA and China produced more than 80 million pounds of H2SOin year 2004.
Source: encyclopedia

2. Colors of Sulfuric Acid

Sulfuric Acid Colors

The color range of Sulfuric Acid is colorless to slightly yellow and it is soluble in water at all concentrations.
Source: encyclopedia, Image: turbosquid.com

3. Historical name
Historical name of this acid is “Oil of Vitriol”. The study about this acid started in the ancient times. Medieval European Alchemists called it “oil of vitriol” as it was prepared by roasting “green vitriol” in an iron retort. 
Source: thefreeresource.com

4. Damaging Properties

sulphur Sulfuric acid is highly corrosive and can cause serious damage if not used with proper care. It can damage the eyes; can cause chemical burns and thermal burns via dehydration. So the next time you are using it, be cautious!
Source: encyclopedia, Image: turbosquid.com

5. Uses of Sulfuric Acid

Sulfuric acid is a widely used chemical. Mainly it is used for mineral processing, oil refining, wastewater processing, fertilizer manufacturing and chemical synthesis. It is also used in printing inks, paper, paint and coated fabrics. It shares 6 % of the global acid production.
Source: wikipedia, Image: flickr

6. First preparation of Sulfuric Acid

johann In 17th century, a German-Dutch chemist, Johann Glauber became the first one to prepare this particular acid. He burnt the sulfur together with saltpeter (potassium nitrate, KNO3), in the presence of steam.
Source: encyclopedia, Image: historyunified.com

7. The Chamber Process

acid chamber Even though many methods were adopted for the production of Sulfuric acid, after much refinement, “chamber process” or lead chamber process became the standard for producing the acid for almost 2 decades.
Source: encyclopedia, Image: vecktorstock.com

8. Chemical Properties of Sulfuric Acid

caution Sulfuric Acid is highly exothermic, the dilution should be done by adding acid to water and not water to acid.
Source: encyclopedia

9. Venus Sulfuric Acid

venus The Venus Sulfuric Acid is produced in the upper atmosphere of Venus. It is because of the Sun’s photo-chemical reaction with carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide and water vapor.
Source: wikipedia, Image: wikipedia

10. Acid Rain

totoro Acid rain constitutes diluted Sulfuric Acid which is formed by the atmospheric oxidation of sulfur dioxide in presence of water.
Source: livescience.com

11.  Highly Corrosive

bart Sulfuric Acid is highly and strong corrosive mineral acid. Its corrosive property is ascribed to its strong acidic nature.
Source: livescience.com, Image: galaxyenterprise.in

12.  Strict Regulations
In USA, this particular acid is part of List II of the list of essential or precursor chemicals. This has been established pursuant to the Chemical Diversion and Trafficking Act. Legal restriction on Sulfuric Acid International business and commerce related to Sulfuric Acid is controlled under the United Nation Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances. It lists the acid under Table II of the convention, because of its use in illicit manufacture of drugs and other substances.
Source: livescience.com