Uttar Pradesh is a land of culture, tradition, history, festival, black spell, agriculture, cuisines, and tourist spots. From ancient temples to national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, historic places, spectacular architectural marvels, massive forts, and scenic beauty, the state is rich in every sense. Uttar Pradesh is a place of worship and sacred ghats where millions of pilgrims come to take a bath every year. This is the place of holy river Ganga which is fertilizing the planes across the state. Not only Ganga, but Kashi Vishwanath (Lord Shiva) of Varanasi is also blessing millions of devotees every day. The state takes a sheer pride in its tourist attractions such as Taj Mahal, one of the seven wonders of the world, which is the top attraction not only in the state but also in the country. Let us know some interesting facts about Uttar Pradesh.
1. First Human Settlement In State
The first recorded human settlement in Uttar Pradesh took place around 70 or 80 thousand years ago. They lived as hunter-gatherers and spread all across the state.
Source: The Rise of Civilization in India and Pakistan (Book)
2. Birth Place Of Gods
The Kingdom of Kosala, one of 16 Mahajanapadas was located within the modern boundary of Uttar Pradesh. Ayodhya, the capital of Kosala was the place where Lord Rama was born. Another Mahajanapada, Mathura was the place where Lord Krishna was born who played the key role in the Hindu epic, Mahabharata. Mathura is also within the boundary of Uttar Pradesh.
Source: Ancient Indian History And Civilization (Book)
3. Once Home To Most Powerful Empires
Uttar Pradesh has been home to one of the most powerful empires of the country; Magadh, Nand, Maurya, Kushan, Sunga, Mughals, etc.
4. A Tree From Heaven
The Parijaat tree is said to have been brought from heaven by Lord Krishna. The flowers of this tree change their colour.
Source: scrolldroll.com, Image: Flickr
5. Population Over 200 Million
Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India with over 200 million population. It makes up about 16.6% population of India. If Uttar Pradesh were a country, It would be the 6th most populous country in the World.
Source: censusindia.gov.in, Image: Flickr
6. Different Crops In Different Regions
Different crops are grown in different regions of Uttar Pradesh. In the north-west region, sugarcane, rice, maize, cotton, etc. are the main crops, and in the south-west region, wheat, rice, mango, guava, oilseed, tobacco, groundnut, potato, are the main crops. In eastern Uttar Pradesh, wheat, rice, chilli are the main crops. The state produces half of the total sugarcane of the country, this is why the state is called “Sugarcane bowl of India.”
Source: mapsofindia.com, Image: Pixabay
7. One Of The Largest Economies In India
As in 2016, the nominal gross domestic product of Uttar Pradesh is estimated at 15.79 lakh crore or $225 billion. It is the 4th largest economy in the country after Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka. In terms of purchasing power parity, it is the second largest economy in India after Maharashtra. Agriculture and Service sector contribute most to the state’s economy.
8. It Touches Nine States
Uttar Pradesh is the only state which shares its border with 9 other neighbouring states; Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh in the northwest, Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan in the west, Madhya Pradesh in the south, Chhattisgarh in the southeast, Bihar and Jharkhand in the east. It also shares its international border with the neighbouring country, Nepal.
Source: quickgs.com, Image: Wikipedia
9. Place Of Diverse Languages
Hindi is the official language of the state. However, there are other languages spoken as per geographical locations. The prominent languages spoken in the state are Awadhi (spoken in Awadh region of eastern UP), Bhojpuri (spoken in Bhojpuri region of eastern UP), Braj Bhasa (spoken in the Braj region of western UP), Bundeli, Kannauji, and some other languages are prominent in the state. Urdu is also declared the additional official language.
10. Different Names Through The Last Century
On 22 March 1902, the state was named as United Provinces of Agra and Oudh. In January 1921, the state was named as the United Provinces of British India. On 1 April 1937, the state was named as United Provinces. After the Independence of India, the name of the state was changed to Uttar Pradesh on 24 January 1950. On 9 November 2000, Uttrakhand was carved out of the state.
Source: Wikipedia, Image: Wikimedia
11. Land Of Ganga And Yamuna
Uttar Pradesh is the land of the Ganga Yamuna doab region. The two main rivers of the state; Ganga and Yamuna flow through the state before emptying into the Bay of Bengal.
Source: mapsofindia.com, Image: picsnaper.com
12. The United Kingdom Is Not Bigger Than Uttar Pradesh
The area of the United Kingdom is equalled to that of Uttar Pradesh. The area of the U.K. is 242,495 square km and the area of U.P. is 243,290 square km (slightly bigger than the U.K.). It is the 4th largest state of India as per area.
13. Rich In Flora & Fauna
Forests account for 12.8% of the total land of Uttar Pradesh. In the central region of the state, there are some forests of silver fir, spruce, deodar, chir, and oak. On the foothills of the Himalaya, and in the Terai region there grows the sal and gigantic haldu. Along the river courses, the Shisham grows in abundance. The forests near the Vindhya mountain range, there grows dhak, teak, mahua, salai, chironji and tendu. Uttar Pradesh is also rich in Fauna. A variety of fauna is found here including Tigers, Leopards, Sloth Bears, Stag, Wild Bears, Sambhars, Chital, Jackals, Jungle cats, Porcupines, Crocodile, Gharial, Hares, Squirrels, Monitor Lizards, Foxes, etc. The common birds include crow, dove, pigeon, black partridge, jungle fowl, house sparrow, peafowl, blue jay, parakeet, kite, Sarus crane, mynah, quail, bulbul, kingfisher, and woodpecker. Stag is the state animal and Sarcus crane is the state bird of Uttar Pradesh.
Source: uptourism.gov.in, Image: Flickr, Image: Pixabay, Image: Flickr
14. National Park & Wildlife Sanctuaries
Dudhwa National Park, Lakhimpur Kheri is the only national park in the state. There are several tiger reserves and wildlife sanctuaries in the state such as Bakhira wildlife sanctuary, Pilibhit Tiger Reserve, Parvati Arga Bird Sanctuary, Gonda, Saman Sanctuary, Mainpuri, etc.
Source: natureconservation.in, Image: travelunbounded.com
15. Unique Dance & Music
Uttar Pradesh is famous and known for its unique culture. It has a variety of dances, festivals, gatherings, music, drama, cinema, etc. Kathak is a classical dance which originated in the state. Folk music called ‘rasiya’ which is very popular in Braj. Nautanki is the folk operatic theatre performance form of the state.
Source: uptourism.gov.in, GIF: makeagif.com
16. The State Of Legendary Artists
Uttar Pradesh has been home of many legendary artists such as Naushad Ali, Begum Akhtar, Talat Mehmood, Anup Jalota, Baba Sehgal, Bismillah Khan, Shubha Mudgal, Ravi Shankar, Amitabh Bachchan, Vikash Maharaj, Kishan Maharaj, Hari Prasad Chaurasia, Gopal Shankar Misra, Siddheshwari Devi, Gopal Shankar Misra, Girija Devi, etc.
Source: Wikipedia, Image: Wikimedia, Image: filmfare.com
17. Mouth-Watering Cuisines
A traditional state thali consists of Roti, Sabzi, Dal, Chawal, Achar, Raita, etc. A festive thali includes Puri, Kachauri, Sabzi, Kheer, Mithai, Raita, etc. In some places, there is a tradition to eat ‘Pan’ (Betel Leaves) after lunch. Snacks and refreshment include Samosa, Jalebi, Lassi, Gulab-Jamun, Golgappas, Chaat, etc.
Source: holidify.com, Image: alignthoughts.com, Image: Wikimedia
18. World’s Largest Gathering Takes Place Here
The world’s largest gathering known as Kumbh or Kumbha Mela (Fair) takes place here after every 12 years in Prayagraj or Allahabad. Millions of pilgrims come here to take a holy bath in the river Ganga from all over the world. Allahabad is one of the four holy pilgrimage sites where the Kumbha Mela is organised. In 2013, Allahabad Kumbh Mela registered 12 crores or 120 million human visits which is the largest human gathering in history.
Source: thebetterindia.com, Image: Ohfactmedia
19. Unique Holi Of Barsana
Holi in Barsana is quite different from the rest of the nation. The festival of Holi starts 15 days before the Holika Dahan and lasts more than 20 or 25 days. Apart from Holi of colours, there is lath mar Holi (Holi with batons) which is quite popular at Barsana, in Mathura, Uttar Pradesh.
Source: indiatoday.in, Image: Wikimedia
20. Tourist Giant
The state houses several ancient architectural buildings and UNESCO world heritage sites. The state is famous for its top tourist attractions such as Taj Mahal (One of the seven wonders of the world), Agra Fort, Fatehpur Sikri, Ghats of Varanasi, Sarnath Jain temple, Ram Janmabhoomi, Ayodhya, Krishna Janmabhoomi, Mathura, Prem Mandir, Vrindavan, the tomb of Khusrau Mirza in Khusro Bagh, Allahabad, Bara and Chhota Imambara, Lucknow, etc.
Source: walkthroughindia.com, Image: Pixabay, Image: tourmyindia.com
21. At The Top Of All States
Uttar Pradesh ranks at the top in tourism. Uttar Pradesh is visited by more than 7 million international tourists each year which is highest among all Indian states.
22. Maximum Number Of Political Seats
Uttar Pradesh boasts to have the maximum number of Lok Sabha (80) and Rajya Sabha Seats (31) among all Indian States. The state Legislative assembly is situated in the capital city of Lucknow which has 404 seats and Legislative council has 100 seats.
Source: quickgs.com, Image: zeenews.india.com
23. Maximum Number Of Prime Ministers
Uttar Pradesh also boasts to have given the maximum number of Prime Ministers to the nation. It has provided 9 Prime Minister to the Nation; Jawaharlal Nehru from Phulpur, Lal Bahadur Shashtri from Allahabad, Indira Gandhi from Rae Bareli, Chaudhary Charan Singh from Baghpat, Rajiv Gandhi from Amethi, V. P. Singh from Fatehpur, Chandra Shekhar from Ballia, Atal Bihari Vajpayee from Lucknow, and Narendra Modi from Varanasi.
24. A City With Highest LIC Premiums
A western U.P. city, Shamli is said to have the highest number of LIC premiums.
25. Varanasi-One Of World’s Oldest Cities
Varanasi is called the cultural capital of India. It is situated in Uttar Pradesh. The city is considered as one of the world’s oldest continuously inhabited cities. The city is famous for its temples and ghats of the river Ganga. The city is believed to be nearly 3,000 years old.
Source: news.bbc.co.uk, Image: theurgetowander.com
26. First Sermon Of Gautam Buddha Was Delivered Here
Gautam Buddha delivered his first sermon in a village named Sarnath. The village is situated in Varanasi district, Uttar Pradesh.
27. Birthplace Of Hockey Legend
The wizard of Hockey, Dhyan Chand, the greatest hockey player in the history of the sport, was born in Allahabad, British India, now in Uttar Pradesh.
Source: quickgs.com, Image: Wikimedia
28. Visit Snapdeal.Com Village
The village in Muzaffarnagar district named Shiv Nagar, became Snapdeal.Com Nagar after Snapdeal installed 15 handpumps in the village to help villagers avoid long walk for water.
29. You Are Under Camera Surveillance
In the capital city of Lucknow, around 4000 CCTV cameras have been installed to stop crime.
Source: scrolldroll.com, Image: Pixabay
30. A Place Where Babri Mosque Demolished
On 6 December 1992, 16th century Babri Masjid or Mosque was demolished by Hindu hardliners in the city of Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh. Since then, both communities are fighting for their holy architecture, however, the Indian Judicial system has taken this matter under its control.
31. Most Criminal State
As per 2016 reports, Uttar Pradesh ranked first among all Indian states in terms of criminal activities.
32. State Of The Most Polluted Cities
In the list of the most polluted cities in the world, India has 7 cities out of 10. Out of 7 cities, five are from Uttar Pradesh; Kanpur, Ghaziabad, Varanasi, Gurgaon, and Agra.
Source: ndtv.com, Image: Pixabay